Object: Kotiate (short striking weapon), ’Apanui’
This image is All rights reserved.
Please follow the Buy or license link under each image to apply to use this image. (Charges may apply)
Why you need to apply for the use of this image
Rights for this work may be:
- controlled by the artist, the artist's estate, or other rights holders; or
- unclear - Te Papa will do a more detailed analysis of the work’s rights history; or
- covered by Te Papa’s Mana Taonga principle which supports the rights of holders of traditional knowledge to determine how the image may be used.
You need to make sure you don’t infringe on the rights of third parties before you use this image. Our image request process helps with this. Te Papa does not authorise the use of this image beyond the uses allowed by the “fair dealing” provisions of the New Zealand Copyright Act, 1994.
More information about copyright
We recommend these resources for more information:
- Copyright in NZ - Ministry of Economic Development
- Copyright guidelines and resource - Lianza
- Enabling use and re-use - Digital NZ
Find more information about Te Papa's rights project on our blog, including how rights types are assigned.
Get in touch
Please contact email@example.com
- if you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, or
- if you wish to contact the rights holder for this work. We will assist where we can.
|Title||Kotiate (short striking weapon), ’Apanui’|
Unknown (carver), 1800, Waikato
|Classification||Kotiate, clubs, edged weapons|
x 135mm (Width)
|Credit line||Sir Walter Buller Collection. Gift of Leo Buller, 1911|
The kotiate was a prized weapon and also favoured by chiefs when speech-making. It is a curiously shaped weapon, and noted for the carved notches on either side of the blade. The notches were used in a ripping action. The word kotiate literally means 'to divide, split in two'. Kotiate were usually about thirty-two centimetres in length and made from whale bone, although some were fashioned from hardwood such as akeake and rautangi. The carving on whale bone examples was usually confined to the butt of the handle. Like other mere and patu (hand clubs), kotiate had wrist thongs to wrap around the warrior's hand to ensure the weapon was not lost during battle.
The name of this kotiate is Apanui. It belonged to the second Māori King, Tāwhiao (1825-1894). From the onset of the New Zealand Wars in 1863, Tāwhiao had a strained relationship with the government. From the late 1860s and into the 1870s, a number of meetings were held between Tāwhiao and his advisors and various government officials. However, little progress was made towards reconciliation. In 1878 the Premier George Grey approached Tāwhiao with a proposal, but this too was refused on the advice of his council. In July 1881, however, Tāwhiao suggested a meeting with the Government's representative at Pirongia (now Alexandria) near Hamilton, where he laid down his weapons saying, 'This is the end of warfare on this land.'
Tāwhiao stuck by his pledge and presented Apanui, a symbol of warfare, to Sir Walter Lawry Buller in 1883. Apanui also appears in a Gottfried Lindauer portrait of King Tāwhiao painted in the late 1880s.
Disclaimer: This information was created from historic documentation, and may not necessarily reflect the best available knowledge about the item. Some collection images are created for identification purposes only and may not be of reproduction quality. Some images are not available due to copyright restrictions. If you have information or questions about objects in the collection, contact us using our enquiry form. You can also find out more about Collections Online.