Object: Poster, ’The Hun - his Mark’
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|Title||Poster, ’The Hun - his Mark’|
St. John, James Allen (artist), 1917, United States
Brett Litho. Co. (printing firm), 1917, United States
United States Treasury Department (publisher)
|Medium summary||Mylar-encapsulated paper poster|
|Materials||ink, paper, Mylar (TM)|
x 707mm (Length)
|Credit line||Gift of Department of Defence, 1919|
A bloody handprint
This First World War loan poster was created by the United States Treasury Department to urge the American public to buy war bonds. War bonds were debt securities issued by various governments to finance their military operations and other expenses during the First and Second World Wars.
The wider campaign for American Liberty bonds combined exhortations for purchase with appeals to patriotism and conscience, especially in those retail bonds specifically marketed to the public. This particular example by James Allen St. John, who is today known as 'The Godfather of Modern Fantasy Art', plays on the stereotype of the barabaric German 'Hun', whose bloody handprint marks his guilt.
British and American Posters in New Zealand
This item is part of a collection of First World War posters sent to New Zealand as examples of British and American propaganda. From 1917-1919, the Dominion Museum (now Te Papa) collected such war material with the help of the New Zealand High Commissioner in London and the Department of Defence. This particular poster arrived with the second batch of posters of over one hundred British and American war posters, sent by the High Commissioner in London via the Department of Internal Affairs in June 1919 and New Zealand War Records Section in London (Department of Defence).
The museum intended to collect and display such objects in a planned national war museum in Wellington which never eventuated. Instead, the museum toured over 100 war posters around New Zealand in the early 1920s in the context of increasing commemoration of the war during peacetime. For many, the posters illustrated important aspects of the war and the history of New Zealand's part in the war. This commemorative function was far removed from their original function to encourage wartime contribution.
Results from DigitalNZ
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- UNDER HUN RULE. (Wanganui Chronicle, 05 December 1918) -
- THE Storyteller (Feilding Star, 18 May 1912) -
- THE FRETFUL PORCUPINE (Observer, 27 March 1915) -
- ON THE SOMME. (Hawera & Normanby Star, 27 July 1916) -
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