Object: Pate (slit drum)
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|Title||Pate (slit drum)|
|Classification||musical instruments, slit drums|
x 466mm (Length)
x 82mm (Width/Depth)
|Credit line||Purchased unknown date|
This wooden pate (slit drum) is from the Cook Islands. On Aitutaki, in the southern Cook Islands, pate are called tokere. When a tini ka'ara (drum ensemble) is being played, the sound of the pate forms part of the main rhythm or beat. When accompanying dance performances, the pate rhythms direct body and hand movements. There are three different types of pate based on size. The smaller the drum, the higher the pitch.
A pate is made by cutting a hardwood branch or tree trunk and removing the bark. A number of holes are drilled in a straight line, then the bits between them are chiselled out to form a long opening. The most important part of the process is working out how much wood should be hollowed out from the centre slit as this, along with the shape of the opening, determines how high or low the pitch of the drum will be.
This pate is one of several items collected in the Cook Islands by Reverend J J K Hutchin of the London Missionary Society and purchased from Mrs Hutchin in 1919.
Results from DigitalNZ
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- The Wanganui Chronicle, AND Pates-Rangitikei Advertiser. "NULLA DIES SINE LINEA." SATURDAY, MAY 14, 1898. MR CLEMENT WRAGGE. (Wanganui Chronicle, 14 May 1898) -
- Council for Maori and South Pacific Arts (N.Z.) :MASPAC and the Wellington Summer City Festival present Pacific Drum Festival, part of the Summer City Festival and Pacific Island Day. Demonstrations of Pacific Island Drum traditions. Fri 27 Jan 1989, 6.30 National Museum Theatrette, Buckle St. Drum / dance / Island cricket Sat 28 Jan 1989, 9am - 6 pm Wellington Rugby League Park, Hall St. -
- Te Vaka -
- Page 4 Advertisements Column 2 (Marlborough Express, 17 June 1890) -
Disclaimer: This information was created from historic documentation, and may not necessarily reflect the best available knowledge about the item. Some collection images are created for identification purposes only and may not be of reproduction quality. Some images are not available due to copyright restrictions. If you have information or questions about objects in the collection, contact us using our enquiry form. You can also find out more about Collections Online.