This image is Creative Commons BY-NC-ND .
You may download and use Te Papa’s images of this work as long as you meet the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives copyright licence. Fair dealing, as understood under the New Zealand Copyright Act 1994, may also apply.
You must include the caption information and credit Te Papa as the image source when you use Te Papa’s images. Here are two examples of captioning and crediting Te Papa prefers:
Natural environment example:
Rough pomfret, Taractes asper Lowe, 1843, collected 29 Jul 1994, Outer Bay of Plenty, Alderman Trough west of Koruenga Knoll, New Zealand. Reproduced courtesy of Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa under a CC BY-NC-ND licence (P.031284)
- Humanities example:
How to download the image
To download the image from this page, right-click on the image and choose “Save Picture as” (or the equivalent for your browser).
High resolution files and commercial uses
If you need a high resolution file or would like a license for commercial use, please fill in the Buy or license this image form to log your request (charges apply).
More information about copyright
We recommend these resources for more information:
- Copyright in NZ - Ministry of Economic Development
- Copyright guidelines and resource - Lianza
- Enabling use and re-use - Digital NZ
Find more information about Te Papa's rights project on our blog, including how rights types are assigned.
Crown Lynn Potteries Ltd (manufacturer(s)), circa 1943, Auckland
|Medium summary||Vitrified porcelain|
x 155mm (Width)
x 155mm (Depth)
|Credit line||Purchased 1995|
Thiscereal bowl was one of tens of thousands produced for the American servicemen serving in New Zealand and the Pacific during World War II.
New Zealand manufacturer Crown Lynn was deemed an essential industry during the war. The company was alerted to the opportunity to provide plates, bowls, and mugs for the Americans.These had to be strong enough to withstand harsh treatment, particularlyonboard ships where they were almost shovelled into huge dishwashers. To achieve this, Crown Lynn made them from vitrified porcelain, which is fired at a higher temperature than earthenware and is much more robust.
Crown Lynn had a very short timeframe to produce the thousands needed, but it gave the company the opportunity to get into mass-produced vitrified ware. Its factory wasn’t set up for mass production and there were huge gaps in the company's technical knowledge. But in a very short time, Crown Lynn developed a vitrified clay body, set up enough hand-operated jiggers to make the tableware, and built more kiln space to fire them in. The resulting bowls and mugs were not particularly nice to look at, but they were made on time and to the Americans’ specifications.
Americans in New Zealand
Around 100,000 American servicemen (and women as nurses) came to New Zealand between June 1942 and October 1944. They were accommodated in camps in the
When Japan entered the war in December 1941, the New Zealand Division was heavily engaged in North Africa. There were calls to bring the troops home to defend the country against possible invasion. But Britain was hard-pressed and the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill requested the New Zealand Division remain in North Africa. So American troops were despatched to New Zealand instead, from where they could confront the Japanese in the Pacific. New Zealand provided a good source of supplies, a base for training and operations, and also somewhere to recuperate after battles.
Results from DigitalNZ
Disclaimer: This information was created from historic documentation, and may not necessarily reflect the best available knowledge about the item. Some collection images are created for identification purposes only and may not be of reproduction quality. Some images are not available due to copyright restrictions. If you have information or questions about objects in the collection, contact us using our enquiry form. You can also find out more about Collections Online.