|Other Place Types||primary political unit, independent sovereign nation, republic, empire|
|Alternative Terms||Zhong Guo; Zhongguo; Zhonghua Renmin Gonghe Guo; Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo; Chung-hua; Chung-hua Jen-min Kung-ho-kuo; Zhonghua; People's Republic of China; Chine; République populaire de Chine; Cina; CHN; CN; ISO156; CH00; Chinese Republic; Chinese|
Area near Peking was home to hominids 500,000 BCE; Chinese civilization in the south by 7000 BCE; beginning in the 18th century BCE, ruled by many great dynasties including Shang, Chou, Han, T'ang, Sung, Chin, Mongol, Ming, Ch'ing, and Manchu, with often-changing boundaries; official language is Mandarin Chinese, though standard Chinese, Yue, Wu, Minbei, Minnan, Xiang, Gan, Hakka and minority languages are also spoken; Pinyin is official romanized form of writing.
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